Leewardslope

Akhil Naidu
Akhil Naidu

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Rise of Artificial Intelligence: A threat or opportunity for jobs?

  • Introduction
  • Problems faced
  • How AI is solving problems
  • Is AI a threat
  • AI disclaimer

Introduction

Artificial Intelligence, aka AI, is a human-generated technology that enables a computing system to achieve cognitive and sensory skills, with which humans are born inherently. AI was classified mainly into two variants; Among which one is meant for human work automation while the other variant is to predict possibilities based on available information and iterations.

Even in the words of experienced personalities like Bill Gates, Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, Stephen Hawkins(Physics), we can see different perspectives and opinions. While one considers AI a revolution in the technology sphere, others also view a possible threat if not appropriately regulated by the government. These differences of opinion among such personalities clearly show that AI is still under development and can be moulded to our needs.

AI is one such innovation that fundamentally changes the way we interact with both machines and our work. History has always shown us that such a drastic change invariably results in an ethical dilemma between adaptation and rejection of the new. But even this argument cannot wholly support the new transformation; there are many scenarios where gradually improvements thrived the Empires. So, we need to deep dive into knowing AI.

What problems does AI solve

As defined above, AI can provide a machine with the ability to construct cognitive, sensory or both skills, which describes the capacity required for professional skills. Many publications like Forbes and The Economist depict data that "Around 47% of jobs come under high-risk category." This is where technological advances like AI can shine and, at the same time, can be criticised for job replacement.

Almost every sector has some AI integrations at the present stage, from small public services to high-end military devices. The 21st centuries most significant advances came from AI, be it Chat Bots, Learning new languages, Medical diagnosis(especially in detecting cancer), Weather predictions, Location and border mapping, genome sequencing and many other.

BCI: Brain Computer Interfaces are devices that presently use AI and shown remarkable progress and achievements. For patients who cannot enjoy all of their senses, BCIs can help enormously. It even has the flavour of making the unfit the fit.

Is this a threat to the number of jobs or concurrent jobholders.

We have seen the diversity of places AI can merge into such variety has never been seen before in any technology; this raises the question of integration and adaptability. AI interlinks technology with other sectors, like health, education, security, administration, etc. AI will create several new industries and jobs, which might boost employment but at the cost of new skills. It demarcates individuals based on the knowledge base they have. This is essentially not a wrong way forward because it is the most desired form of advancing. AI creates competition and eliminates ideologies such as meritocracy(I'm not against meritocracy).

In a way, we can conclude that AI creates new job opportunities, and at the same time, it also raises a threat to some of the existing employment. So, with gradual reskilling programs to existing employees and upskilling programs to next-generation students, we can take advantage of this emerging technology.

Reskilling and Upskilling

Reskilling is always an essential part of long term employment. For an individual to survive within the competition of accelerated technological advances, they should be willing to reskill themselves. As technology changes, it is not only a pre-requisite for the employees to manage AI integration; employers also have the same obligations to provide necessary reskilling programs and make the existing crew a better crew. This way, it will allow them to develop themselves and stand within the race.

Reskilling is essential, but with Upskilling trends the coming generation can have fair chances, competition, new employment, and an overall self-conscience within the era. It can have similar comparisons as grass-root upliftment.

Learning a highly advanced technological scripting cannot be done with a single course; fields like AI integration should be respected in its learning curve. Keeping this in mind there are many programs for both high school learners and undergraduates.

Institutes like MIT University and Google have already introduced new visual scripting tools like Scratch and Blocky respectively. These visual scripting tools were specially introduced for children to improve their cognitive ability and to consider programming as a language to communicate with computer systems. Such programs can immensely change the perspective of AI as the intelligence of reconstructing an entire human brain rather than thinking of it as a Sci-Fi novel.

Irrespective of the department, Graduates should have the ability to research in AI, Machine Learning, Big Data, Augmented Reality. Necessary course introductions all over the country can make India a better place for recruitment by global standards. Our universities might not have the funding to provide the entire equipment to improve the learning curve, but we can produce incredible professional AI Developers with chronological efforts.

AI disclaimer

India is a very populous country, and many may even argue that AI is disrupting the lines between the technologically literate and illiterate. Such an argument that cannot see the long term goals cannot be taken as a high priority. The introduction of AI into the lives of the human race is challenging; it requires the effort of law and order, bureaucracy, social acceptance, political will and the struggle of learning something indifferent.

India has missed the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Industrial Revolutions(IR) race, so for us to grab the chance of participation in the 4th IR, both Reskilling and Upskilling are essential.

  • Law and order with policymakers should consider the ethical nature while framing the laws and policies towards AI.
  • Bureaucracy can use AI to uplift grass-root illiteracy, remove corruption, demarcate land disputes, less paperwork. This creates social acceptance while solving the existing issues.
  • Political parties should check and balance one another without disrupting the overall progress.

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